The Sedang is an ethnic group consisting of 5 major local groups: Xo Teng, To Dra, Mo Nam, Ca Dong and Ha Lang. They mainly lived in Dak To, Sa Thay, Dak Glay, Kon Plong, Ngoc Hoi and Dak Ha districts (Kon Tum province), Son Ha district (Quang Ngai province), Bac Tra My and Nam Tra My districts (Quang Nam province), Cu M'gar and Krong Pak districts (Dak Lak province). During the process of formation and development, the Sedang also preserve the traditionally cultural values, including the beauty on the traditional costumes.
The traditional brocade weaving of the Sedang
has been existed for a long time.
Their loom is similar to that of the other
ethnic people in the Central Highlands. They mainly weave narrow fabrics which
have the length from 30 - 40cm, sometimes also the width-to-80cm woven fabrics.
Thanks to the weaving profession, the Sedang still retain all kinds of costumes
with specific characteristics according to each local group. Other ethnic
groups in the Central Highlands usually use black and indigo while the dominant
color on the Sedang clothes is indigo. Fabric patterns are mainly decorated
around the tunic and skirt.
Traditional costumes of the
Sedang men are usually loincloth and bare to the waist. Loincloth is a long
narrow fabric reeve over the groin, wrapped around the waist, let the two ends loose
along the middle in front and back sides from the waist to the ankle. During
festivals, the men usually wrap a diagonal cloth over his chest, looking like a
warrior on the battlefield.
Traditional women's costume includes a tunic, a
skirt, a shawl (shoulder scarf) and a baby-carrying cloth on back. Tunic is pullover
and sleeveless. The shawl, also known as the shoulder scarf, is made from
cotton fibers of different colors. When the Sedang girls grow up, they often
use a shawl as a sign that the boys know they haven’t married so that they can
chat and make relationship. When the girls go to their husband's house, they carry
the shawl and preserves it as a precious memorial object of her maidenhood. The
shawl is woven from cotton fibers in various colors. In order to have a shawl,
they weave two sheets and then put them together. On the right side of the shawl
is decorated with diamond-shaped lattice truss patterns filled with black,
white and red stripes. To further embellishment, the Sedang also use types of adornments
such as bronze bracelets, silver bracelets, necklace beads, especially the
ancient adornments such as fangs, claws, etc. to make the Sedang’s particular costumes.
It can be said that the Sedang’s traditional costumes is typical folk culture
with the diversity of types and products which are aesthetic values with lines
of patterns and colorsfeatured by the unique of the Central Highlands.
Although life has changed in development and the
Sedang have many options to sew andwear the other costumes, on festive
occasions, they still wear traditional costumes to preserve their cultures and identity.
It is also a chance for the community to review the traditional customs of ancestors,
to restore and maintain the beauty of culture, contributing to the building of
advanced Vietnamese culture deeply imbued with national identity. At the same
time, it popularizes the image, the various cultural living of the peoples in
the Vietnamese community.
Mrs. H'Ben weaving, the Sedang, Kon Hring
village, Cu Mgar district (photo of Dak Lak Museum)
Dang man’s costume, collected in Dak To, Kon Tum (photo of Dak Lak Museum)
Dang woman’s costume, collected in DakTo, Kon Tum (photo
of Dak Lak Museum)
The Xo Dang’s costumes in the new rice ritual
Department of Communications